Cultivation and uses
The name hyssop can be traced back almost unchanged through the Greek hyssopos and Hebrew esob, although it is doubtful that Hyssopus officinalis is the same hyssop that is referred to in the Old Testament. In the New Testament, a sponge soaked in sour wine or vinegar was stuck on a branch of hyssop and offered to Jesus of Nazareth on the cross (John 19:29), showing that the cross was not as high as sometimes portrayed. Traditionally it has been used as a strewing herb, and many of its historical healing properties that have been previously dismissed as "superstition" are once again being acknowledged.
The seeds are sown in spring and the seedlings planted out 40-50 cm apart. Hyssop can also be propagated from heel cuttings or root division in spring or autumn. Hyssop should be grown in full sun on well drained soil, and will benefit from occasional clipping. It is short-lived, and the plants will need to be replaced every few years. Ideal for use as a low hedge or border within the herb garden.
Hyssops are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Cabbage Moth.
The leaves have a slightly bitter minty flavour and can be added to soups, salads or meats, although should be used sparingly as the flavour is very strong. Hyssop also has medicinal properties which are listed as including expectorant, carminative, relaxes peripheral blood vessels, promotes sweating, anti-inflammatory, anti-catarrhal, antispasmodic. Its active constituents are volatile oil, flavonoids, tannins and bitter substance (marrubin). A strong tea made from the leaves and flowering tops is used in lung, nose and throat congestion and catarrhal complaints, and externally it can be applied to bruises to reduce the swelling and discolouration. An old English country remedy for cuts and wounds suffered working in the fields was to apply a poultice of bruised hyssop leaves and sugar in order to reduce the risk of tetanus infection. An essential oil made from hyssop increases alertness and is a gently relaxing nerve tonic suitable for treating nervous exhaustion, overwork, anxiety and depression. The Herb Society's "Complete Medicinal Herbal" cautions however that "the essential oil contains the ketone pino-camphone which in
Hyssop leaves can be preserved by drying. They should be harvested on a dry day at the peak of their maturity and the concentration of active ingredients is highest. They should be dried quickly, away from bright sunlight in order to preserve their aromatic ingredients and prevent oxidation of other chemicals. Good air circulation is required, such as an airing cupboard with the door left open, or a sunny room, aiming for a temperature of 20-32C. Hyssop leaves should dry out in about six days, any longer and they will begin to discolour and lose their flavour. The dried leaves are stored in clean, dry, labelled airtight containers, and will keep for 12-18 months.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyssop"
Other useful herb information: Black Cohosh | Artichoke | Apricot | Sarsaparilla | Alfalfa | Dhea | Triphala
Page Content: hyssop herb , anise hyssop , hyssop chronicle , hyssop plant , hyssop oil , hyssop tea , hyssop and asthma , branch foundation hyssop , hyssop bath oil , hedge hyssop , hysop essential oil .
|Site Map | Contact| | ||
This site is only for information purposes, this information is intended for U.S. citizens.
Herb Index at DietList.net Copyright © 2006-2012. All Rights Reserved.