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Citalopram or nitalapram is an antidepressant drug used to treat depression associated with mood disorders. It is also used on occasion in the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder and anxiety.
Citalopram belongs to a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It is sold under the brand-names Celexa (U.S., Forest Laboratories, Inc.), Cipramil (Europe and Australia) and Talohexane (Australia).
Citalopram was originally created by the pharmaceutical company Lundbeck although the patent for it expired in 2003, allowing other companies to legally produce generic versions.
Lundbeck has recently released a new SSRI drug called escitalopram oxalate (also known as Cipralex or Lexapro) derived from the citalopram molecule.
Reported side effects
Over 10% of patients
Feeling sick or tired
Feeling agitated or nervous
Constipation or diarrhoea
Feeling of weakness
Over 1% of patients
Changes in taste
Decreased libido or impotence
Failure to orgasm
Tingling in fingers or toes
Loss of memory or concentration
Changes in appetite (increase or lack of)
Change in weight
Dizziness on standing up
Changes in blood pressure
Changes in passing urine
Rare (under 1% of patients)
Abnormal movement of the face or body
Ringing in the ears
Slowing of the heartbeat
Other side effects
Occasionally, panic attacks, thoughts of suicide or self-harm may occur or increase in the first few weeks, before the antidepressant effect starts.
Other occasional effects include leaking of milk from the breasts, changes in heart rhythm, swelling of the skin, joint pain or severe allergic reactions.
Citalopram is considered relatively safe in overdose; although coma at a dosage of 400mg has been observed. It is important to seek medical attention if an overdose of this medication has occurred.
Other useful drug information: Flexeril | Alprazolam | Lovastatin | Tylenol | Phenobarbital | Elidel | Ultram
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